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Wednesday, April 9, 2014

What Students Need to Be Engaged

By Shane J. Lopez, Gallup Senior Scientist

Logan LaPlante, a Lake Tahoe teen, might be the most engaged student in America. He smiles as he talks about what he’s learning. He looks happy, somewhat giddy even, when he describes his school. Maybe that’s because he’s taught by people who are “stoked to be doing what they’re doing.” While many kids become psychological dropouts during middle school, Logan is becoming more and more excited about learning and life.

If you talk to him about his education or watch his TEDx video, I think you’ll agree that Logan is a poster child for student engagement. However, he is not a product of traditional public schools. When he was nine years old, Logan’s mom cobbled together an educational experience -- a process the LaPlantes call “hackschooling” -- that excited him.

Still, after repeatedly viewing his TEDx talk, I was convinced that neither homeschooling nor hackschooling was the key to his enthusiasm for learning. I theorized that, no matter the school, engagement peaks when students feel valued for what they are good at and are inspired by at least one teacher. That’s the hypothesis I tested using 2013 Gallup Student Poll data from more than 600,000 students who responded to 20 items, including two I thought might determine the height of student engagement:

My school is committed to building the strengths of each student. 
I have at least one teacher who makes me excited about the future.

The students who strongly agreed with those two statements were 30 times more likely to be emotionally engaged at school than students who strongly disagreed with the items.

We all know that student engagement is influenced by innumerable factors largely outside a school’s control. But this finding suggests that there are some fundamental strategies schools can use to dramatically raise the likelihood that students will be emotionally engaged in the classroom on any given day.

To start, providing students with opportunities to discover and develop their talents should be a core practice in all schools. Imagine how engaged students would be if we devoted as much time and energy to students developing their strengths as we do to test preparation.

Many school districts are demonstrating their commitment to building students’ strengths by using tools such as StrengthsExplorer and StrengthsQuest to identify the individual talents of middle and high school students. Other districts, such as Howard County Public Schools in Maryland, want to start earlier in a student’s life. This district trains teachers to spot students’ strengths and help children pick short-term goals and long-term projects that will keep them excited. This focus on strengths-building is possible because these schools start by helping their teachers and administrators do what they do best.

Additionally, every student deserves to be inspired by at least one teacher. In Gallup’s search for the Most Hopeful Teacher in America, we discovered that most schools have at least one teacher who is known for making students excited about the future. These teachers use three strategies:

  1. Care about students and invest in their big future goals.
  2. Aim teaching at their students’ goals for the future to increase the relevance of instruction.
  3. Help students overcome obstacles and teach them how to solve problems on their own.
Forty-five percent of students surveyed through the latest Gallup Student Poll are not engaged in school or are actively disengaged, meaning they are simply going through the motions at best, or actively disrupting teaching and learning at worst. If every kid went to a school committed to building their strengths and each classroom were staffed by a talented teacher who made them excited about the future, poster children for student engagement would be easier to find.

For insights about what leaders can do to improve engagement and student achievement in their schools, read Gallup's State of America's Schools: The Path to Winning Again in Education report.

Gallup Student Poll Methodology
Gallup offers its annual Gallup Student Poll at no cost to public schools and districts in the United States. The online poll is completed by a convenience sample of schools and districts each fall. These schools are not given any incentives beyond receipt of school-specific data. Participation rates vary by school. Gallup conducts the poll during a designated survey period and it’s available during school hours Tuesday through Friday only. Gallup administers the Gallup Student Poll to students in grades five through 12. In 2013, 616,203 students in U.S. schools participated in the Gallup Student Poll. The primary application of the Gallup Student Poll is as a measure of non-cognitive metrics that predict student success in academics and other youth development settings.


Stephen Roulac said...
April 12, 2014 at 8:55 PM  

Illuminating yet obvious commentary: if you're not compelled to build students strengths and give them reason to be excited about the future, why teach?

Debbie Rude said...
April 14, 2014 at 7:39 AM  

Great blog here and mimics the early work we did in Michigan around strengths based learning with teachers, students and parents using Strengths Explorer and Strengths Finder for teachers/parents and administrators. Our focus however is triangulating research on effective/best practices to include parents: what engages parents in schools and how can we measure this in connection to teachers and students?

We are all committed to youth development and many of the points you make here are the guiding principals in countless community outreach programs for youth. However we need to link this important work to the "alterable curriculum of the home" (Liethwood) in order to close the circle of student engagement. Thanks for your continued work. I am a huge fan of Gallup science and look forward to hearing more!
Debbie Rude
National Board Director
Parents for Public Schools, Inc.

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